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۱۳۹۶ شنبه ۱ مهر
خطرات آزمايشگاهي

اختصارات بين المللي مربوط به خطرات آزمايشگاهي   R-Phrases   

منبع: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_R-phrases

 

Phrase

Code

Explosive when dry

R1

Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition

R2

Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition

R3

Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds

R4

Heating may cause an explosion

R5

Explosive with or without contact with air

R6

May cause fire

R7

Contact with combustible material may cause fire

R8

Explosive when mixed with combustible material

R9

Flammable

R10

Highly flammable

R11

Extremely flammable

R12

Reacts violently with water

R14

Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases

R15

Explosive when mixed with oxidising substances

R16

Spontaneously flammable in air

R17

In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture

R18

May form explosive peroxides

R19

Harmful by inhalation

R20

Harmful in contact with skin

R21

Harmful if swallowed

R22

Toxic by inhalation

R23

Toxic in contact with skin

R24

Toxic if swallowed

R25

Very toxic by inhalation

R26

Very toxic in contact with skin

R27

Very toxic if swallowed

R28

Contact with water liberates toxic gas.

R29

Can become highly flammable in use

R30

Contact with acids liberates toxic gas

R31

Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas

R32

Danger of cumulative effects

R33

Causes burns

R34

Causes severe burns

R35

Irritating to eyes

R36

Irritating to respiratory system

R37

Irritating to skin

R38

Danger of very serious irreversible effects

R39

Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect

R40

Risk of serious damage to eyes

R41

May cause sensitisation by inhalation

R42

May cause sensitisation by skin contact

R43

Risk of explosion if heated under confinement

R44

May cause cancer

R45

May cause inheritable genetic damage

R46

Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure

R48

May cause cancer by inhalation

R49

Very toxic to aquatic organisms

R50

Toxic to aquatic organisms

R51

Harmful to aquatic organisms

R52

May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

R53

Toxic to flora

R54

Toxic to fauna

R55

Toxic to soil organisms

R56

Toxic to bees

R57

May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment

R58

Dangerous for the ozone layer

R59

May impair fertility

R60

May cause harm to the unborn child

R61

Possible risk of impaired fertility

R62

Possible risk of harm to the unborn child

R63

May cause harm to breast-fed babies

R64

Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed

R65

Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking

R66

Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness

R67

Possible risk of irreversible effects

R68

 

 

Statement

Code Combination

Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases

R14/15

Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gases

R15/29

Reacts violently with water, liberating toxic, extremely flammable gases

R14/15/29

Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin

R20/21

Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed

R20/22

Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R20/21/22

Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed

R21/22

Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin

R23/24

Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed

R23/25

Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R23/24/25

Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed

R24/25

Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin

R26/27

Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed

R26/28

Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R26/27/28

Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed

R27/28

Irritating to eyes and respiratory system

R36/37

Irritating to eyes and skin

R36/38

Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin

R36/37/38

Irritating to respiratory system and skin

R37/38

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation

R39/23

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin

R39/24

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed

R39/25

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin

R39/23/24

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

R39/23/25

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

R39/24/25

Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R39/23/24/25

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation

R39/26

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin

R39/27

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed

R39/28

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin

R39/26/27

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

R39/26/28

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

R39/27/28

Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R39/26/27/28

May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact

R42/43

May cause cancer and heritable genetic damage

R45/46

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation

R48/20

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin

R48/21

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed

R48/22

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin

R48/20/21

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed

R48/20/22

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed

R48/21/22

Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R48/20/21/22

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation

R48/23

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin

R48/24

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed

R48/25

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin

R48/23/24

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed

R48/23/25

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed

R48/24/25

Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R48/23/24/25

Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

R50/53

Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

R51/53

Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

R52/53

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation

R68/20

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin

R68/21

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed

R68/22

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin

R68/20/21

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed

R68/20/22

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed

R68/21/22

Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed

R68/20/21/22

 

 

 

1393/06/30 تاریخ به روزرسانی:
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